Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease caused by Campylobacter bacteria. It is one of the most common causes of diarrheal illness in the United States. Campylobacter infections occur much more frequently in the summer months and in infants and young adults.
Most cases of campylobacteriosis are associated with eating raw or undercooked poultry or from cross-contamination of other foods by these items. Some illnesses are due to from contact with infected animals (such as a dog or cat) or from drinking raw (unpasteurized) milk. Most cases are not part of outbreaks, but when outbreaks do occur they have been associated most often with poultry, raw (unpasteurized) dairy products, untreated water, and produce.
Symptoms of Campylobacter infection include diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever within two to five days after exposure to the organism. The illness typically lasts about one week. Some infected persons do not have any symptoms. Although most people with Campylobacter infection recover on their own, some need medical treatment. In persons with compromised immune systems, Campylobacter can spread to the bloodstream and cause a life-threatening infection.
Campylobacteriosis is reportable in Orange County within one (1) working day of identification. To report a case, health care providers/facilities should call OCHCA Epidemiology at 714-834-8180 or fax records to 714-560-4050. Approximately 350-550 cases of campylobacteriosis were reported each year in Orange County between 2013 and 2017.
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